Original Article

Treating Parafunctional Habits for Alleviating Temporomandibular Disorder and Lower Back Pain: A Phase II Clinical Trial

Effect of parafunctional habits on lumbar pains


Objectives: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) include a series of signs and symptoms in the temporomandibular joints (TMJ) and muscles of mastication, which are associated with or caused by parafunctional habits. Many of these patients also suffer from lumbar pains. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of treating parafunctional habits in alleviating symptoms of TMD and lower back pain.

Materials and Methods: This phase II clinical trial was conducted on 136 patients suffering from TMDs and lumbar pain, who consented to participate in this study. They were provided with instructions on how to discontinue their parafunctional habits including clenching and bruxism. The Helkimo and Rolland Morris questionnaires were used to assess TMD and lower back pain, respectively. Data were statistically analyzed using paired Student's t-test, Wilcoxon, Mann-Whitney, and Spearman correlation tests, with the significance level set at P<0.05.

Results: The mean severity score of TMD significantly decreased after the intervention. Following treatment of TMD, the mean severity score of lumbar pain decreased from 8 to 2 (P=0.0001).

Conclusion: Based on our findings, it appears that the elimination of parafunctional habits improves TMD and lumbar pain.

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IssueVol 20 (Continuously Published Article-Based) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/fid.v20i11.12657
Temporomandibular joint Bruxism Self Care Lumbosacral Region Pain

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Aghahoseini F, Mirzaii-Dizgah I, Shirazian S, Javaheri-Mahd M. Treating Parafunctional Habits for Alleviating Temporomandibular Disorder and Lower Back Pain: A Phase II Clinical Trial. Front Dent. 2023;20.

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