Articles

Effect of a common diet and regular beverage on enamel erosion in various temperatures: an in-vitro study.

Abstract

This study compared diet and regular Coca-Cola on enamel erosion in cold and room temperatures.Seventy five enamel specimens were prepared and divided into 5 equal groups (N=15) as follows: Group 1: regular beverage at room temperature, Group 2: regular beverage at refri-gerator temperature, Group 3: diet beverage at room and Group 4: diet beverage at refrige-rator temperature. The specimens were immersed in the regular or diet beverage (Coca-Cola, trade mark regd. Khoshgovar Co., Tehran, Iran) at room (20°C) or refrigerator (2°C) temperatures for 20 minutes, 3 times per day for 7 days. Specimens in the control subjects (group 5) were placed in synthetic saliva at room temperature for 7 days. The hardness of specimens was tested using Vickers test under 500 gr loads for 5 seconds. The data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey tests.The mean and standard deviations of micro-hardness values of the studied groups were as follow: G1: 304.26±29.71, G2: 285.53±42.14, G3: 279.06±39.52, G4: 266.80±23.98 and G5: 319± 30.79. There was a significant difference in the beverage type as the main factor (p<0.05), but temperature factor and their interaction effect on enamel hardness showed no significant difference (p>0.05). Tukey tests showed that there were significant differences between control and diet groups as well as regular and diet groups.Diet Coca-Cola is more erosive than the regular type and the temperature of the beverages used had no significant influence on enamel erosion.
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IssueVol 10, No 5 (2013) QRcode
SectionArticles
 
Keywords
Beverages Cola Enamel Tooth Erosions

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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
How to Cite
1.
Khamverdi Z, Vahedi M, Abdollahzadeh S, Ghambari MH. Effect of a common diet and regular beverage on enamel erosion in various temperatures: an in-vitro study. Front Dent. 1;10(5):411-6.