Original Article

Correlation Between Bone and Soft Tissue Thickness in Maxillary Anterior Teeth


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine buccal bone and soft tissue thicknesses and their correlation in the maxillary anterior region using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).
Materials and Methods: In this cross sectional study, 330 sound maxillary incisors in 60 patients with a mean age of 37.5 years were assessed by CBCT scans. For better visualization of soft tissue, patients were asked to use plastic retractors in order to retract their lips and cheeks away from the gingival tissue before taking the scans. Measurements were made in three different positions: at the crest and at 2 and 5mm apical to the crest. The cementoenamel junction‒crest distance was measured. for data analyses, the Pearson’s correlation coefficient, ANOVA and intraclass correlation coefficient were used.
Results: There were mildly significant linear associations between labial soft tissue and bone thickness in the canines and incisors (r<0.40, P<0.05), but no association was found for the lateral incisors. The mean thickness of buccal bone differed significantly in the maxillary anterior teeth, being greater for the lateral incisors (P<0.05). For soft tissue thickness, the results were the same, and the least thickness was recorded for the canines. There was a mild association between labial soft tissue and bone thickness in canines and incisors (r=0.2, P=0.3), but no such linear association was seen for the lateral incisors.
Conclusions: The mean thickness of buccal bone and soft tissue in the anterior maxilla was <1mm and there was a mild linear correlation between them.


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IssueVol 13, No 5 (2016) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article
Facial bone Cone-beam computed tomography Immediate Maxillary Esthetics Dental Soft tissue Thickness

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How to Cite
Esfahanizadeh N, Daneshparvar N, Askarpour F, Akhoundi N, Panjnoush M. Correlation Between Bone and Soft Tissue Thickness in Maxillary Anterior Teeth. Front Dent. 2016;13(5):302-308.