Review Article

Surgery-First Approach; from Claims to Evidence: A Comprehensive Review


The main goals of treatment of dentofacial deformities are to achieve optimal esthetics and ideal functional occlusion. The conventional orthognathic surgical approach includes a long presurgical orthodontic phase, which takes about 18 months. During this phase, the patients’ appearance is deteriorated and their motivation to continue treatment significantly decreases. In the surgery first approach (SFA), orthognathic surgery is performed prior to orthodontic treatment, and orthodontic treatment is performed postoperatively to improve dental occlusion and for final settling. The SFA has two main advantages namely shortening of treatment period, and early improvement of the appearance of patient. The SFA has significant advantages especially for class III patients.

This study aimed to review the available articles on this topic published from 2012 to 2019 to achieve a comprehensive understanding of different aspects of the SFA. The databases were searched by two researchers and a total of 11 eligible articles were selected for study inclusion. The results were categorized into two categories of stability of the results of the SFA, and duration of treatment, in comparison with the conventional approach.

Although different aspects of the SFA have been previously evaluated by dental clinicians, a considerable gap of information still exists regarding the details of this approach, which calls for further research in this respect.

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IssueVol 19 (Continuously Published Article-Based) QRcode
SectionReview Article
Surgery first approach(SFA) Minimal presurgical orthodontic treatment surgery first orthodontic approach (SFOA)

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How to Cite
Mirhashemi A, Ghadirian H, Samimi SM. Surgery-First Approach; from Claims to Evidence: A Comprehensive Review. Front Dent. 2022;19.

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